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68 m
25 m
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0,2
0,5
0,99 km

Bisitak 36, kokapena 1

Nondik gertu Áspro Lithári, Attica (Greece)

The Poseidon building was rectangular, with a colonnade on all four sides. The total number of original columns was 34: 15 columns still stand today. The columns are of the Doric Order. They were made of locally quarried white marble. They were 6.10 m (20 ft) high, with a diameter of 1 m (3.1 ft) at the base and 79 cm (31 inches) at the top.
At the centre of the temple colonnade would have been the hall of worship (naos), a windowless rectangular room, similar to the partly intact hall at the Temple of Hephaestus. It would have contained, at one end facing the entrance, the cult image, a colossal, ceiling-height (6 metres (20 ft)) bronze statue of Poseidon. The temple of Poseidon at Sounion was constructed in 444–440 BC. This was during the ascendancy of the Athenian statesman Pericles, who also rebuilt the Parthenon in Athens (https://www.facebook.com/GreeceHighDefinition/videos/2121655771185062/). It was built on the ruins of a temple dating from the Archaic period. It is perched above the sea at a height of almost 60 metres (200 ft). The design of the temple is a typical hexastyle, i.e., it had a front portico with six columns. Only some columns of the Sounion temple stand today, but when intact it would have closely resembled the contemporary and well-preserved Temple of Hephaestus beneath the Acropolis, which may have been designed by the same architect.

Topic: The temple of ancient fears and superstitions/ How the Aegean Sea got its name
Overview: Participants will walk to the Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion visiting one of the most important archaeological sites in Attica, famous for the sunset view and the myth of Aegeus, which still lives on in the name of the Aegean Sea. They will have to answer questions and/ or perform tasks on the spot.
The famous geodetic triangulation of ancient Greece is another wonder mystery of our ancestors, as the location of temples and their sanctuaries form conspicuous geometric formations.
They will construct a ceramic olive oil lamp (from clay). They will draw their ceramist logo.
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Waypoint 1: The temple (1)

Waypoint 1: The temple 1. Why was the temple dedicated by mariners to Poseidon? 2. What is the architectural order of the temple? How can you tell? 3. How did the Aegean Sea get its name?
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Waypoint 2: The temple (2)

Waypoint 2: On the south-west side of the Temple 1. Why was the temple built on this site? What are the obvious and hidden reasons?
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Waypoint 3: On the south-west side of the Temple

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Waypoint 4: On the south side of the Temple

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Waypoint 5: On the south side του λόφου

Waypoint 5: 1. What are the beneficial effects of sunlight? 2. ENJOY THE SUN AND THE WIND

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